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STATE HOUSE–If you are a part of an illegal assembly and a crime is committed, you could face misdemeanor charges, under a bill being considered by the state Senate. The American Civil Liberies Union of Indiana and the Marion County prosecutor’s office call the new bill unconstitutional.

“If you look at the rioting bill, it’s unconstitutional on its face,” said Marion County Prosecutor Ryan Mears, in an interview with “People have an absolute right to protest. People who are non-violent protesters, who don’t damage other people’s property, who don’t hurt someone else- the Constitution protects their right to assemble and to express themselves.”

LINK: Mears speaks with Indy Politics

The bill’s author, Sen. Mike Young, a Republican who represents Indianapolis, said the intent of the bill is to keep protests peaceful and businesses safe. The language in the bill is clear that it targets people who are at an illegal assembly or riot.

But, Mears and the ACLU believe the intent is to intimidate people from participating in a protest.

LINK: The Senate bill

“Indiana legislators are launching a full-on attack on Hoosiers’ right to protest in what is clearly a backlash against the Black Lives Matter protests that occurred across the state of Indiana last summer,” said Katie Blair, ACLU of Indiana public policy and advocacy director.

“SB 198 is unconstitutional and would chill Hoosiers’ free speech by enhancing criminal penalties and discouraging release on bail for charges during what the law defines broadly as an ‘unlawful assembly.’ SB 198 is not an ‘anti-riot’ bill; SB 198 is an anti-First Amendment bill.”

The bill was rewritten before it passed out of a Senate committee. It originally made it a crime if anyone was at a riot and didn’t immediately leave or tell police.

The bill now goes before the full Senate and must pass the Senate and House before it can become law.

On law enforcement and violent crime

Mears also spoke with IndyPolitics about crime in Indianapolis, saying he believes it’s up to the prosecutor’s office and police to build trust so that people will come to them as witnesses, or let them know when violent crime is about to go down.

“I think a lot of it has to do with the national conversation very much influences the local conversation,” he said. “You cannot turn on the news without seeing something somewhere, where there’s a healthy bit of cynicism towards the criminal justice system and I think that affects peoples perception here locally.”

Mears said he doesn’t believe that Indianapolis is the same as some cities where police and citizens have traditionally had problems with each other.

“We meed to do a better job in investing in those relationships to tell people this is why we’re different and this is why we’re here to help,” he said.